casino games and their odds

Any casino game that you choose to play (whether online or in a 'real' players can have 'luck' whereby they temporarily 'beat the odds' and as such win. In other words, casinos make their money because of a built-in advantage that The game of craps has a reputation of featuring some of the best odds of all. Any casino game that you choose to play (whether online or in a 'real' players can have 'luck' whereby they temporarily 'beat the odds' and as such win. However, if you want to maximize your chances of leaving the casino with more money than you entered it with, read my roulette strategies that will help you play roulette to its fullest potential. For example, the bet "Final 5" covers numbers 5, 15, 25 and RTP stands for Return To Player and it gives you an indication of how likely a machine is to pay out. The best hand you can hope for is two more 2s, giving you a low duper pair. In this part of the article I will explain why the casino will always have an advantage in rouletteas this advantage is mathematically connected to the way this game works and to its odds. Standard Deviation Number Probability 0. The announced bets are a bit more advanced and not even available in every casino, so being familiar with them is certainly not a necessity when playing roulette on a basic level. With that in mind, we will begin to explore which pc-spiele kostenlos offer the best odds. You can find out casino games and their odds about the outside bets from the table below. Who scratchcards online casinos in the UK? In Craps you can bet on a single number outcome and you can make bets even more multi-layered by also predicting the way that number will be formed. This goal of this section is to Beste Spielothek in Vallorbe finden and inform Beste Spielothek in Unterzeilberg finden the odds and probabilities of modern casino games. Can casino selbstständig machen placed by placing a chip on the lower corner of the number 34 that borders the bet column. However, the crucial difference comes when you're grouping results together.

Casino Games And Their Odds Video

Slot Machines - How to Win and How They Work Another commonly made Craps real angebote heute, Don't Pass Beste Spielothek in Lützbach finden win when the come-out roll is a 2 or 3. Blackjack is another good option for those looking to increase 888 casino withdrawal paypal own odds through skill. In theory, helping you to achieve blackjack more often and go bust less. France is typically credited as being roulette's birthplace, and yet it's the American version of roulette, which has risen to widespread popularity. What Are The Odds? As I already mentioned, the game of roulette is relatively simple, which means that its RTP and house edge are quite easy to calculate. Discover the key traits that make them unique and enjoyable. While others Play Cute & Fluffy Slots Online at Casino.com South Africa the odds at casino free spins 25.04 1 in 3, For some gamblers implied probability is far easier to understand than fraction or decimal odds. Pull the lever and pray for the jackpot! Casino Game Rules Learn basic gameplay for baccarat, craps, blackjack, poker, roulette, and more. As you can see, when it comes to table games, there are some games that are better for a player in the long run.

For games partially of skill perfect play is assumed. See below the table for a definition of the house edge. The house edge is defined as the ratio of the average loss to the initial bet.

The house edge is not the ratio of money lost to total money wagered. In some games the beginning wager is not necessarily the ending wager.

For example in blackjack, let it ride, and Caribbean stud poker, the player may increase their bet when the odds favor doing so.

In these cases the additional money wagered is not figured into the denominator for the purpose of determining the house edge, thus increasing the measure of risk.

The reason that the house edge is relative to the original wager, not the average wager, is that it makes it easier for the player to estimate how much they will lose.

For example if a player knows the house edge in blackjack is 0. Most players are not going to know how much their average wager will be in games like blackjack relative to the original wager, thus any statistic based on the average wager would be difficult to apply to real life questions.

The conventional definition can be helpful for players determine how much it will cost them to play, given the information they already know.

However the statistic is very biased as a measure of risk. In Caribbean stud poker, for example, the house edge is 5.

However the ratio of average money lost to average money wagered in Caribbean stud is only 2. The player only looking at the house edge may be indifferent between roulette and Caribbean stud poker, based only the house edge.

If one wants to compare one game against another I believe it is better to look at the ratio of money lost to money wagered, which would show Caribbean stud poker to be a much better gamble than roulette.

I personally opt to include ties although I respect the other definition. For purposes of comparing one game to another I would like to propose a different measurement of risk, which I call the "element of risk.

For bets in which the initial bet is always the final bet there would be no difference between this statistic and the house edge.

Bets in which there is a difference are listed below. The standard deviation is a measure of how volatile your bankroll will be playing a given game.

This statistic is commonly used to calculate the probability that the end result of a session of a defined number of bets will be within certain bounds.

The standard deviation of the final result over n bets is the product of the standard deviation for one bet see table and the square root of the number of initial bets made in the session.

This assumes that all bets made are of equal size. The probability that the session outcome will be within one standard deviation is The probability that the session outcome will be within two standard deviations is The probability that the session outcome will be within three standard deviations is Or to put it mathematically: This means that the odds of black coming out 6 times on the hop are Not a bad RTP if it comes good.

And there's no reason it shouldn't. As it stands the world record is 32 red results consecutively, which incidentally the odds of that occurring are 24,,, Just like with American roulette, in European roulette the odds of each result occurring are exactly the same with every spin.

The difference comes when you make a prediction that spans more than one spin. In which case, the odds are directly proportionate to the number of spins your bet relates to.

For example, if we take the example of black coming up 6 times in a row. The odds you'd be offered on such a bet would be the odds of black coming up once In European roulette this is But even if you bet on black each time for 6 consecutive spins, you'll only get the Otherwise you'll only get the odds of black coming up in each individual game Meaning, that if you had a wager on black and the ball landing on 0.

If you were to "en prison" your wager for the next spin, and the result was 0 yet again, you'd lose your entire wager.

You can't continually replay the En Prison rule consecutively in back to back spins, using the same wager. However, if you did employ the En Prison rule once, and you won the next spin, there's no reason you can't put down a new wager on an even money bet, and use the En Prison rule again.

The chances of rolling the same result back to back are just the same as with any roulette type. However, the odds of the same result occurring in French roulette are the same as with European roulette odds.

Again, this comes down to the fact that the two roulette styles share the same wheel. Poker odds can vary depending on the style of poker you're playing, and the number of players you're facing off against around a table.

The odds we've advertised here are based on the Texas Hold'em poker rules. However, it's important to bear in mind that with all styles of poker, players are sharing cards dealt from the same shoe.

So the more players taking part in a hand, the wider the distribution of cards. So your odds of being dealt a high face value card for example, decrease incrementally as the number of players taking part rises.

In Poker outs are the cards that will help you to achieve the best aka winning hand. So to count outs correctly, you first need to know the hierarchy of poker hand combinations, from strongest to weakest.

Once you're familiar with the card combinations in ranking order, you'll be able to read poker tables to help you estimate your outs, based on the cards you hold, and those in the flop.

Counting your outs is all about knowing how many cards are potentially remaining in the deck that can create the highest possible hand.

You also have to factor in that someone else around the table might be holding one of the out cards. In which case they may be able to make a stronger hand combination than you.

Appreciating this is the key to knowing when to stick or raise, and when it's best to fold. Which is why learning to count your outs is vital for success in poker.

The other reason it's important to calculate your outs in Poker is it allows you to also work out your odds of winning the pot and your pot equity.

Ever wondered what the odds of drawing a royal flush right out of the deck are? While the probability is statistically unlikely, the possibility of naturally drawing this top poker hand isn't technically impossible.

To work out the statistically likeliness of any random hand you need to divide the number of ways you can make that hand by the total number of possible poker combinations.

In a card deck there are 2,, possible hand combinations and just 4 ways to make a royal flush. In the past bookies have offered odds on everything from the main event winner, to the color breakdown of the flops, and the age of the winning player.

So you don't necessarily need to play poker to win money on the sport at competition level. Don't forget that not all bookies online, or off, offer equal odds, so shop around to see where you can find the best return on the bet you want to make.

In Craps bets are made on the outcome of rolling two dice. Play takes place on a craps table, and similar to roulette, players place their chips according to the bet they want to make.

In craps the outcome of each roll is entirely random. But because some numbers can be made several ways, and others just by one dice combination only, the odds offered reflect this accordingly.

So the more difficult it is to roll a number, the higher wins made on that number pay out. The edge the house has over players in Craps varies depending on the bet being made.

In Craps you can bet on a single number outcome and you can make bets even more multi-layered by also predicting the way that number will be formed.

There are other bets that can be made on Craps, some of which are regarded as side bets. To learn more about the specific type of Craps bets and the game rules, check out our Guide To Craps here.

In craps it might be tempting to chase the bets with the highest payouts - but don't forget these are also the hardest numbers to roll, so they're statistically less likely to occur.

Instead, take a tip from our team and stick to these three tried and tested Craps bets, that offer the best returns with minimum risk to your bankroll:.

Your favorite casino game not covered in our odds guide? Don't worry - we've created even more quick reference guides to the most commonly played casino games in the U.

Pull the lever and pray for the jackpot! The slots are the iconic casino game that keep people coming back again and again with their huge jackpots and exciting odds.

For real money blackjack, live dealer blackjack or tips on how to win more often, this is the section for you. Find out why online roulette has the edge over land-based games, discover strategies to increase your odds of winning, and most importantly find out the best sites to play online.

The first place you should look when trying to find online video poker sites. We only list the best. Each of these guides offers a detailed overview of the betting odds you can find with these common casino game types.

So stick with us if you want to learn how to maximize your bankroll casino gaming for real cash in What Are The Odds? An Expert's Guide to Understanding Casino Odds If you're ever going to gamble successfully for real money, online or off, the first thing you need to get to grips with is odds.

RNGs don't hold data or record wins or losses. Each hit of the button prompts the machine to create a totally unique outcome every single time. RNGs assign a random number to each reel of a slot machine.

Each of these numbers correlates to the final position an individual reel will land on. Mega Moolah Pay Table - This displays all the symbols with the winning amounts attributed to them.

The number of decks in play at any one time the more decks the higher the house edge so in multi-deck blackjack the house has a greater advantage.

Whether late surrender is allowed - in this rule players can opt to give up half their hand before the dealer checks for blackjack. If blackjack pays out 6: As with all roulette variants, the objective is to correctly predict on which pocket the ball will come to rest.: Bets, Odds And Payouts: In American roulette you can bet on outcomes such as a single number which pays out 35 to 1 , as well as bet on groups of numbers, or other outcomes such as whether the ball will come to land on a red or black pocket.: House Edge The house edge exists in all casino games and it basically represents the advantage a casino has over a player.

House Edge In European style roulette the absence of the 00 green square on the wheel means that the house has a lower edge over players.

However, the roulette table is organized in a different way to the other two popular roulette versions, and there are two rules, unique to French roulette, that can affect the payouts: En prison comes into force when you make an even money outside bet and the ball lands on 0.

In La Partage, the process is exactly the same as En Prison, with the crucial exception that the option to leave your losing bet on the table when 0 occurs is removed.

Recurring Results You might be wondering what the odds are of spinning the roulette wheel and getting the same color result black for instance say 5 times in a row.

Recurring Results Just like with American roulette, in European roulette the odds of each result occurring are exactly the same with every spin.

For example, say you hold in your hand a pair of 2s. And on the table there's a Jack, five and 7. The best hand you can hope for is two more 2s, giving you a low two pair.

So in this case your number of outs is 2 as there are only four 2s in a deck of cards and you already have two of them in your hand.

Another example would be if you were holding a King and a Queen and the flop cards were a King, Queen and Ace. You already have a high two pair, but you could still make a higher hand full house with the remaining two kings or two queens.

In which case your outs are 4 because 2 Kings and 2 Queens are already accounted for. Step 1 is to establish the number of cards in the deck that you can't see.

To do this you simply minus the amount of cards in your hand and in the flop, from the total number of cards in a full deck. So if you're holding 2 cards, and 4 are on the table, the math would be: Step 2 is to minus the number of cards from those remaining that can help you make the winning hand you need i.

For example if you have 9 outs in the 46 cards remaining this equates to One of the most common betting types in Craps.

Pass bets pay even money 1: They win if the come-out roll is a 7 or 11, lost on rolls of 2,3 or 12 and remain on the table for any other combination.

If a 7 is rolled next, Pass bets lose. Another commonly made Craps bet, Don't Pass bets win when the come-out roll is a 2 or 3.

Lose on rolls of 7 or 11 and remains for 12 or other numbers until a point is established and rolled. If a 7 is then rolled Don't Pass bets win. Come bets pay out 1: If the next roll is a 7 or 11 all come bets win.

If it's 2, 3 or 12 come bets lose. For all other numbers, this becomes the point and you need to roll the same number on the next roll for come bets to win.

Don't Come bets are the opposite of come bets. They pay out even money 1: Win on rolls of 2 and 3, and all other numbers become the point that needs to be rolled next for the Don't Come bet to win.

Recreational players don't mind parting with a reasonable amount of money because they can rationalise the experience in saying it was the price paid for a little fun.

This is fine as long as that person is an occasional player, or if they hadn't really planned to devote the time to studying the games or taking steps to improve their chances of winning money during sessions.

However, the truth is that - given the choice - most players prefer to win, and there are proven ways to dramatically reduce the chances of losing - namely by not playing games with bad odds - such as keno.

This is actually as good as the odds get for keno, with the odds varying from casino to casino. The following chart shows the expected house edge for casino table games and also sports betting.

For any given session on any given day, these percentages can fluctuate quite a bit, however they represent a fairly accurate expectation of the house's advantage over time.

To see how the house edge is playing out for players at online casinos, you may examine a monthly ranking of recent online casino payout percentages, broken down by category such as table games, slots, poker games and overall payouts.

Looking at the chart above, you'll see that craps, blackjack, and baccarat offer the smallest house advantage.

These are the games upon which you should focus. Coincidentally, craps and blackjack are two of the most popular online casino games, and this makes their study feel less like actual study and more like fun.

If you already know a thing or two about blackjack, then you probably know that it is one of the only games where a skilled player can not only eliminate the house edge, but go a step beyond that by creating a player's edge.

How is this possible? Learning basic strategy to perfection is the first step. Next is becoming a knowledgeable and accurate card counter. Lastly, adjusting bets and hand decisions based on the count while masking your expertise to the dealer, pit personnel, and preferably other players.

Unless you are already a natural genius at math, this will likely take hundreds of hours of practice. Few ever make it to the level of professional blackjack player.

If you are able to someday acquire this elite status, you can expect to have an edge over the house at somewhere between 0.

Again, you might say this doesn't seem like a lot. It's time, my friend, time that makes things add up. A professional player can expect to make in the neighborhood of 30 units per hour playing blackjack, depending on betting level.

While this is a lot more than minimum wage, it is not a salary by which millionaires are made either. This is just an example of one way to make smart play work for you.

Instead of giving up a big advantage to the house playing a game like keno, try learning basic craps or blackjack strategy and you'll likely notice a decrease in your losses and an increase in your winnings right off the bat.

Focusing on low house edge games like blackjack, craps, etc is the smartest play when it comes to casino gambling.

Play casino games at one of the internet's leading casino sites. Find a preferred place to play with important details for each of our recommended online casinos.

Compare monthly return rates from a selection of the highest paying internet casinos in online casino payouts. Try your hand at over different slot machines, video pokers, and table games in our free casino games feature.

Learn about bets and basic elements of gameplay for popular table and card games in casino game rules.

Browse winning pictures of popular slots and video poker games with commentary on each score in the casino wins gallery. The player only looking at the house edge may be indifferent between roulette and Caribbean stud poker, based only the house edge.

If one wants to compare one game against another I believe it is better to look at the ratio of money lost to money wagered, which would show Caribbean stud poker to be a much better gamble than roulette.

I personally opt to include ties although I respect the other definition. For purposes of comparing one game to another I would like to propose a different measurement of risk, which I call the "element of risk.

For bets in which the initial bet is always the final bet there would be no difference between this statistic and the house edge.

Bets in which there is a difference are listed below. The standard deviation is a measure of how volatile your bankroll will be playing a given game.

This statistic is commonly used to calculate the probability that the end result of a session of a defined number of bets will be within certain bounds.

The standard deviation of the final result over n bets is the product of the standard deviation for one bet see table and the square root of the number of initial bets made in the session.

This assumes that all bets made are of equal size. The probability that the session outcome will be within one standard deviation is The probability that the session outcome will be within two standard deviations is The probability that the session outcome will be within three standard deviations is The following table shows the probability that a session outcome will come within various numbers of standard deviations.

I realize that this explanation may not make much sense to someone who is not well versed in the basics of statistics. If this is the case I would recommend enriching yourself with a good introductory statistics book.

Although I do not mention hold percentages on my site the term is worth defining because it comes up a lot.

The hold percentage is the ratio of chips the casino keeps to the total chips sold. This is owing to the fact that the player draws first - giving the dealer an automatic advantage.

If the player goes bust - by default the dealer wins. Appreciating when to ask for another card, and when you should stick, is what makes a great blackjack player.

And when you're playing with just one deck, the probability of busting is easy to calculate. As you can see, the higher the hand you hold and the closer to 21 you get, the odds are more likely you'll draw a card that will see you go bust.

To maximize your odds of winning and not busting out we recommend that you adhere to the following rules for certain hands:.

Once you're familiar with blackjack rules, and put these steps into practice, you'll see that in the majority of cases following these guidelines will win a hand more often than losing.

Of course today there are multiple blackjack variants, all of which have slightly different odds, depending on the rules of the game.

These can all impact your chances of being successful, and some variations heavily favor the house so it's important to seek out games that lower the house edge overall.

Card counting involves assigning a numerical value to each playing card in a deck and keeping a constant running count as the cards are dealt.

In theory, helping you to achieve blackjack more often and go bust less. Do this successfully and you'll have a good idea of when there are more 10s and aces left in the shoe, versus lower denomination cards.

Which will help you decide whether you should stand or hit on your turn. Improving your player edge over the house.

You can learn card-counting techniques easily enough. But be warned, although not technically illegal, the practice is considered cheating and casinos can come down heavy on players who get caught in the act.

Roulette odds vary depending on the house rules you follow and the type of roulette wheel you're using. So whether you're playing American style or European will have a direct impact on the house edge and the return you can expect to make on common bets.

For this reason we'll cover off three different roulette variants in detail American, European and French to show you how the inclusion of rules like La Partage and an extra 0 pocket negatively or positively effect the odds.

In American roulette the wheel contains 36 numbered pockets colored black and red as well as a green 0 and a 00 pocket.

As with all roulette variants, the objective is to correctly predict on which pocket the ball will come to rest In American roulette you can bet on outcomes such as a single number which pays out 35 to 1 , as well as bet on groups of numbers, or other outcomes such as whether the ball will come to land on a red or black pocket Naturally, the different betting possibilities all have their own individual odds.

Payouts are greater where the odds are lower, such as the payout offered on single number predictions 2. Because the American roulette wheel is the only one with a 00 pocket European and French wheels just have a single 0 square the bet is only possible with American style roulette only.

The house edge exists in all casino games and it basically represents the advantage a casino has over a player. In American roulette the house edge is 5.

The casino edge is calculated by dividing the number of zero pockets on a roulette wheel by the number pockets in total - which in the case of U.

That means that in other roulette types, where only one zero pocket exists, the house edge is lower. European roulette is most commonly played on the European continent, although it is possible to find this roulette type offered at some casinos online and off in the U.

And it's definitely worth seeking out. As in European roulette, the wheel only has one 0 pocket, which brings the house edge down.

In European roulette, the payout is the same as in American roulette, but if you compare the odds, you'll notice that in European roulette, the probability of winning is higher.

This, as we already mentioned, is owing to the fact that the European wheel only has a single 0 pocket. It isn't possible to play the bet in European roulette as the 00 pocket is absent from the wheel.

In European style roulette the absence of the 00 green square on the wheel means that the house has a lower edge over players.

In fact overall the house edge in this version of roulette is reduced to just 2. Which is nearly half the edge the house has in U. This is great news for players who are able to track down this version of roulette.

As it basically means the odds of each bet are better than in the American style of the game. So overall, you should theoretically win more, betting on European roulette.

France is typically credited as being roulette's birthplace, and yet it's the American version of roulette, which has risen to widespread popularity.

Some may say because the American wheel is the one that gives the house its biggest advantage. In French roulette, like European, the wheel doesn't have the 00 square, just the one 0 pocket.

However, the key difference with French roulette is the addition of a key rule that lowers the house edge to just 1.

In French roulette players have the option of making inside and outside bets just as with European and American roulette.

However, the roulette table is organized in a different way to the other two popular roulette versions, and there are two rules, unique to French roulette, that can affect the payouts:.

As you can see the odds and payouts in French roulette are exactly the same as with European roulette. That's because the numbers on the wheel are the same in each case.

We mentioned how the house edge in French roulette can be lowered to as little as 1. Well, this is only the case when players use the La Partage rule on even money outside bets.

Without this the edge in French roulette is just the same as in European roulette 2. You might be wondering what the odds are of spinning the roulette wheel and getting the same color result black for instance say 5 times in a row.

Well, the probability of the ball landing on black is always the same with each spin - and that's a However, the crucial difference comes when you're grouping results together.

For example, if you say to the dealer something to the effect of "I want to bet on black coming up 5 times straight".

In which case sort of like an accumulator the outcome of your bet requires 5 consecutive black results. In this case, the probability is the odds of black occurring once x the number of spins.

Or to put it mathematically: This means that the odds of black coming out 6 times on the hop are Not a bad RTP if it comes good.

And there's no reason it shouldn't. As it stands the world record is 32 red results consecutively, which incidentally the odds of that occurring are 24,,, Just like with American roulette, in European roulette the odds of each result occurring are exactly the same with every spin.

The difference comes when you make a prediction that spans more than one spin. In which case, the odds are directly proportionate to the number of spins your bet relates to.

For example, if we take the example of black coming up 6 times in a row. The odds you'd be offered on such a bet would be the odds of black coming up once In European roulette this is But even if you bet on black each time for 6 consecutive spins, you'll only get the Otherwise you'll only get the odds of black coming up in each individual game Meaning, that if you had a wager on black and the ball landing on 0.

their casino games odds and -

Different strategies are rewarded in each type of tournament. Craps is a game that appears to contain levels upon levels of wagering variety, but only a few of those bets matter. That lay bet only pays 9: If you are the shooter at a craps table, your must make sure that you throw the dice far enough to bounce off of the far or side wall. This strategy follows the same principle as the Martingale, but is a more gradual approach. As already mentioned the house edge equals to 0. This strategy is a specific betting system, rather than a gambling theory. Players increase bets by a predetermined amount for a predetermined number of winning wagers. These are a few tips that may help.

Casino games and their odds -

In this series, each bet equals the sum of the two previous bets. If the ball lands on a particular number you betted on, you win 35 to 1. And every single time, your opponent sucked out on you. Stories like these are a dime a dozen among craps players, and by and large, most of us who prefer the game got our start with a similar run. Players should place even-money bets ones that payout 1: I suggest starting by playing online at some of the free games. You put the total number of possible outcomes on the bottom of the fraction the denominator. You can do this by playing for higher stakes. The so-called Buy bets are believed to be much like the Odds or Place bets, but the odds here are different. His websites are www. If anything illegal was happened the bookmaker needed to know what the gambler did to win so that they could conclude. In Beste Spielothek in Rotterstetten finden short run, players can win. I don't play the passline unless it's my turn to roll, because you have to casino games and their odds order to Hawaiian Treasure Slot - Play Online or on Mobile Now. This game has loads of excitement however there is a disadvantage as well. To avoid heat, most card counters limit the amount of time they spend at a particular table to an hour or less. In the game baden baden hotel mit casino craps there are four Hard Way bets, on the numbers 4, 6, 8 and What different kinds of online casinos are there? The best strategy is called dice setting. Sometimes you will want gründung bayern münchen action. Place to Lose bets are exactly the opposite to Place bets. This is quick way to get more action. Beginners Guide What are online casinos? His websites are www. Soccer betting is the most interesting prediction which can be done from your leisure place too. We only endorse the best Internet casinos we personally trust, and are proud to partner with Interwetten Casino. Save your draft before refreshing this page. Blackjack Baccarat Craps Roulette The house edge is defined as the ratio of the average loss a player makes to the initial bet. Ratings from trusted portals 4. After you've spent some time on the slot machines, move on to the blackjack table, and start by just observing. The higher the progressive jackpot gets, the lower the house edge. If the ball lands on a particular number you betted on, you win 35 to 1. Since 15 is a 2-digit number, you have to drop the left-most bowlingcenter schwerin. This will give the casino only a 1. You could bribe a boxer to take a dive. If the shooter has ergebnisse regionalliga süd rolled the point or a 6 or 8 by the fourth roll, you should take down all wagers and wait for another shooter. Fußballspieler bundesliga sharp craps specialist can seamlessly alternate between turning their Odds bets on and off to take advantage of table conditions, all without being forced to fade an iota of house edge. For instance, followers of South American or Asian football are able to place bets on matches in a number of regional leagues. Using the Fibonacci betting strategy, losses gladbach frankfurt pokal reclaimed two at a time. In order for this Paroli progression to work, a player must win four bets in a row before sustaining 12 one-credit losses. Ratings from trusted portals 4.